drapeauCyklobus/Cyklotramvaj - Czech Republic 



In Prague, bicycles account for a modal share of 1 to 2%, a figure which is in fact « equivalent to the statistical error margin », but is growing by 15 to 30 % yearly. As in most places throughout the country, cyclists can board the Cyklobus, which is equipped to carry bicycles to a given point, from which tourists return home by bike. The Ostrava Cyklotramvaj (streetcar) operates according to the same principle.

Objectives :
           
The objective is to increase the modal share of bicycles and public transportation and to present bike-borne tourists with an attractive offer.

Methods :

Carte
The cyklotramvaj (photos from http://www.nakole.cz/clanky/120-cyklotramvaj-v-ostrave.html , in Czech


Photo


Description of the offer :

The system’s simplicity is a major asset. All one needs to do is come on a « non-working day » between April and September to one of the Cyklobus/Cyklotramvaj stops (in Prague, for instance, the bus leaves from a railroad station outside the centre of the city every 2 hours, 5 times a day), hang one’s bike on a hook (there is usually room for 25 of them), and then use the bicycle to travel from the bus’ arrival point to one’s home.

The fare in Prague varies from 14 to 50 CZK (0.5 – 2€), depending on the distance. The Cyklobus can also be used by non-cyclists. Note: In Prague, the underground accepts bicycles free of charge (2 in each car), and some streetcars do too.


Organisation :

Idea/Design

Investment/set-up

Operation/Management

In Prague, Petr Vychodil of Ropid*.  ČSAD for the first Czech Cyklobus. 

In Prague: Ropid*. Otherwise, cities, regions and companies (Connex, etc.) 

In Prague: Ropid* + companies. 


   ČSAD Jablonec nad Nisou launched the Czech Republic’s first Cyklobus on 1st may 2008. In Prague, ROPID, the city’s transport authority, launched the line on its own budget. It also includes some pro-cyclists.

The companies do the implementing, while the local authorities provide the funding.
The vehicles are coaches as a general rule, or buses, streetcars or even minibuses. The bicycles are transported either on hooks inside the vehicle (25-30 bicycles, possibly separated from the passengers by a screen), or by trailer (capacity 25-30 bicycles) or on a rack at the back of the vehicle (the capacity is smaller, no more than 7 bicycles, but the rack can be used in winter as a ski trunk).

Source of photos below: ČSAD.


photo
25 bikes at most at the back this coach

photo
Asset: wide doors and help from the driver


photo
This trailer can carry 26 bicycles.


Funding: 

Cyklobuses are not profitable, as the fares are low. The loss of income is made up by the regions, townships and township associations. In Prague, the Integrated Transport authority (ROPID) finances the Cyklobus: 20% of the costs are covered by “Cyklobus” tickets, but other travellers use it with their passes, which are also valid for the Cyklobus.

Revenue is equivalent to an average of 1-1.3 CZK/km (4-5.2 Euro cents) per passenger, plus 10-20 CZK for the bicycle ticket, whereas the costs are between 30 and 40 CZK/km (1.25 – 1.60 €). But since the bus returns empty, an average number of 50-60 passengers instead of 25-30 would be needed for the bus to be profitable.




Communication :
Cyklobus and Cyklotramvaj are promoted via websites and brochures or leaflets, which include, for instance, ideas for tours. The vehicles sport a visible logo. Recently guided tours were introduced.


Résults :

- Strengths : The system is very simple and rather inexpensive; it is moderately successful, with no less than 45 Cyklobus lines in the Czech Republic. The keys to this success are: Good itineraries (bus arrival point at the top of a hill or mountain, scenic spots), good schedules coordinated with those of trains and other Cyklobuses, attractive fares and a bike-hanging system which is practical for the users. The Cyklobus’ key advantage as compared with cars is the possibility of having different departure and arrival points.

- Weaknesses : In Prague, the Cyklobus does not leave directly from the city centre in order to avoid having « too many people » for the capacity of the bus. Cycklobuses are not profitable, but this is the result of a voluntary low-fare policy.


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cyklobus




Contacts : Tomáš Prousek, Cyklokomise, http://cyklo.praha-mesto.cz - Ropid, the Prague Integrated Transport authority, prousek@ropid.mepnet.cz, http://www.ropid.cz. http://www.cyklobus.cz