drapeauMünster Radstation - Germany

Münster, 272 000 people, 50 000 of them students, is The bicycle city of Germany. With a modal share of 35% (for a city 23 km in diameter), it is experiencing troublesome bike parking problems. The creation of a 3300 space bike parking facility has met with enormous success and has brought 2 000 additional cyclists to the Münster railroad station.

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Objectives :
  « The streets belong to everyone » : such is the spirit governing the creation of the bike park by the city, in order to put an end to the anarchic use of public space by bicycles.    

Methods :

Radstation Münster
The main entrance to the Münster Radstation

Description of the offer :

Entry to the 3 300-space facility is free, the access ramp leads to the entrance of the Radstation.

Another entrance is reserved to customers with a pass, who access it with a card before parking their bike in the « pass-holder » section. However, most of the pass-holding customers use the main entrance; this is just as practical and thefts are just as rare.

The pass costs 70€ per year (7€ a month and 0.7€ a day, as in all the radstations).

Services de la Radstation Münster
 Radstation's services : parking, cleaning, rental, reparation.

Organisation :




City of Münster (Westfäliche Bauindustrie)

City of Münster

 IVV (Aachen)

    The design gave rise to a great deal of discussion concerning the place, the system, whether the facility should be under ground or not, etc. The Radstation was planned by the city, or more precisely by a company set up by the city (a « daughter company »), Westfäliche Bauindustrie. The city also built the bike park and found a private operator.

The ADFC, the German cyclists’ association, was consulted about the design of the project, but did not take part in its funding.

Funding : graphique de financement

    The city paid half of the 6.5 million euros of investments (about 2000€ per bike), and the state of NordRhein Westphalia the other half. 2/3 of the funding by the city was covered by a tax paid by builders who are unable to create car parking spaces – i.e. 12 000 euros per space, which is used by the city to create car spaces (at less than 12 000€ per space) AND, as a bonus, bike spaces.

The operation of the facility is profitable. The private operator pays rent (a modest amount, which will never repay the investment) to the city. Two factors explain this profitability. First of all, the larger a bike parking facility is, the better its chances of being financially viable thanks to economies of scale. Next, supplementary services (bike rental, repairs and even automatic washing in Münster) make a profit, as customers are much more inclined to pay a fair price for such services as for parking their bike, which they often feel should be free of charge.

Communication :

The building is visible from afar. Moreover, an advertising bus promoted the Radstation when it was launched, with leaflets offering 3 days of free parking. The facililty was full 6 month after it opened.

Résults :
- Strengths : Operation is profitable. The facility is fully used at night (commuters who use their bike or a second bike to go from the railroad station to their jobs). The Radstation brought 2 000 additional cyclists to the railroad station, meaning as many customers. The architectural character of the building is interesting.

Des services comme la location de vélos participent au succès de la Radstation.

- Weaknesses : The facility has been so successful that the parking problems have not been fully solved.

Radstation Münster
 Radstation. Münster

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Radstation Münster

: Stephan Böhme, Ville de Münster, boehme@stadt-muenster.de